novel unsur-unsur instrinsik nya

Unsur-Unsur Intrinsik dalam novel | Bila sebelumnya mbah pernah ngasih materi tentang unsur-unsur Ekstrinsik dalam novel, maka kali ini sebaliknya, mbah akan ngasih materi tentang Unsur-Unsur Intrinsik dalam novel. Semoga bisa dipelajari dan mudah untuk dipahami ya.

unsur-unsur intrinsik novel adalah komponen-komponen penting yang harus ada untuk membangun sebuah novel. Berikut ini adalah beberapa unsur instrinsik yang ada dalam novel:

1. Tema
Gagasan, ide, atau pikiran utama yang mendasari suatu karya sastra disebut tema. Atau gampangnya, tema adalah sesuatu yang menjadi dasar cerita, sesuatu yang menjiwai cerita, atau sesuatu yang menjadi pokok masalah dalam cerita.

2. Tokoh
Tokoh adalah individu ciptaan/rekaan pengarang yang mengalami peristiwa-peristiwa atau lakuan dalam berbagai peristiwa cerita. Pada umumnya tokoh berwujud manusia, namun dapat pula berwujud binatang atau benda yang diinsankan.

3. Alur Cerita (Plot)
Alur adalah urutan atau rangkaian peristiwa dalam cerita.

4. Latar (setting)
Latar adalah segala keterangan, petunjuk, pengacuan yang berkaitan dengan waktu, ruang, suasana, dan situasi terjadinya peristiwa dalam cerita. Latar dapat dibedakan ke dalam tiga unsur pokok: yaitu Tempat, Waktu, dan Suasana.

5. Sudut pandang (point of view)
Sudut pandang adalah cara memandang penulis dalam menempatkan dirinya pada posisi tertentu dalam cerita novel tersebut. dalam sebuah novel, sudut pandang terbagi menjadi dua, yaitu Sudut pandang orang pertama dan Sudut pandang orang ketiga.

6. Gaya bahasa
Gaya bahasa adalah teknik pengolahan bahasa oleh pengarang dalam upaya menghasilkan karya sastra yang hidup dan indah. Pengolahan bahasa harus didukung oleh diksi (pemilihan kata) yang tepat.

7. Amanat
Amanat adalah ajaran moral atau pesan yang ingin disampaikan oleh penulis melalui novelnya. Sebagaimana tema, amanat dapat disampaikan secara implisit yaitu dengan cara memberikan ajaran moral atau pesan dalam tingkah laku atau peristiwa yang terjadi pada tokoh menjelang cerita berakhir, dan dapat pula disampaikan secara eksplisit yaitu dengan penyampaian seruan, saran, peringatan, nasehat, anjuran, atau larangan yang berhubungan dengan gagasan utama cerita.

contoh pidato

Assalamu’alaikum Wr Wb
Yang terhormat kepala sekolah
Yang saya hormati Bapak/Ibu Guru serta staf Tata Usaha
Dan teman-teman yang saya cintai

Marilah kita panjatkan puji syukur kehadirat Allah SWT yang telah melimpahkan nikmat-Nya sehingga kita dapat berkumpul disini dan pada hari ini saya akan menyampaikan pidato tentang Narkoba.

Di Indonesia jumlah pengguna narkoba begitu besar, karena lemahnya penegakan hukum di Indonesia para pengedar internasional dapat bekerja sama dengan warga negara Indonesia dan memperoleh keuntungan yang besar. Penyalahgunaan Narkotika dan zat aditif lainnya itu tentu membawa dampak yang luas dan kompleks. Sebagai dampaknya antara lain perubahan perilaku, gangguan kesehatan, menurunnya produktivitas kerja secara drastis, kriminalitas dan tindak kekerasan lainnya.

Penyalahgunaan narkoba dapat dicegah melalui program-program diantaranya mengikuti kegiatan-kegiatan sosial, tidak bergaul dengan pengguna atau pengedar narkoba, tidak mudah terpengaruh ajakan atau rayuan untuk menggunakan narkoba. Pengguna narkoba biasanya lebih didominasi oleh para remaja dan anak sekolah.

Sekolah juga memberikan penyuluhan kepada para siswa tentang bahaya dan akibat dari penyalahgunaan narkoba melalui Guru BP, diskusi yang melibatkan para siswa dalam perencanaan untuk intervensi dan pencegahan penyalahgunaan narkoba di sekolah. Program lain yang cukup penting adalah program waspada Narkotika dengan cara mengenali ciri-ciri siswa yang menggunakan narkoba, mewaspadai adanya tamu yang tak dikenal atau pengedar, melakukan razia dadakan.

Biasanya pengedar maupun pemakai di sekolahh telah paham betul program-program disekolah untuk pencegahan pengguna atau pemakai disekolah, mereke tentu saja mengantisipasinya dengan sebaik yang mereka bisa. Sepintar apapun kiat mereka, ibarat sepandai-pandai tupai melompat, akhirnya jatuh juga. Jurus-jurus jitu menghindari deteksi sekolah memang mereka kuasai, tapi mengingat sifat narkoba yang adiktif dan menutut dosis yang lebih tinggi maka disiplin cara aman akan terkuak juga

Untuk itu marilah kita hindari dan jauhi serta ikut memberantas penggunaan narkoba. Demikianlah pidato yang dapat saya sampaikan apabila ada kesalahan dalam bertutur kata, saya mohon maaf. Atas perhatiannya saya ucapkan terima kasih dan saya akhiri.

Wassalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb..

pentingnya sosialisasi politik

Pentingnya sosialisasi pengembangan budaya politik

Budaya politik di dalam masyarakat seharusnya mengalami perkembangan kearah yang lebih baik. Untuk itu dibutuhkan sebuah strategi di dalam masyarakat agar budaya politiknya dapat berjalan kearah yang lebih baik. Menurut Samuel P. Huntington, modernisasi budaya politik ditandai oleh tiga hal, yaitu rasionalisasi wewenang, diferensiasi struktur, dan perluasan peran serta masyarakat dalam politik.

 

1.      Sikap politik yang rasional dan otonom di dalam masyarakat.

Dengan sikap ini masyarakat tidak lagi memilih satu pilihan politik berdasarkan apa yang dipilih oleh pemimpinnya, baik pemimpin agama maupun pemimpin adat. Masyarakat memilih karena pilihannya sendiri berdasarkan penilaian untuk masa depan yang lebih baik. Ia tidak lagi memilih dengan gaya pilihan yang bersikap ikut-ikutan.

2.      Diferensiasi struktur

Maksudnya, sudah ada spesifikasi tugas yang perlu dilakukan. Dalam situasi ini, seseorang tidak lagi mengerjakan semua hal, misalnya sebagai pemimpin agama dan jnuga pemimpin politik. Bila dua tugas ini masih menyatu dalam satu orang atau satu institusi, berarti belum terjadi diferensiasi struktur di dalamnya. Dalam budaya politik yang modern, diferensiasi ini justru semakin jelas.

3.      Perluasan peran serta politik di dalam masyarakat.

Masyarakat semakin sadar dan melek politik. Mereka menyadari bahwa pilihan politik yang mereka ambil akan menentukan nasib mereka ke depan.

 

Bila ketiga indikator budaya politik ini sudah berkembang di dalam masyarakat maka budaya politik yang demokratis menentukan esensinya. Menurut Almond dan Verba, budaya politik demokratis merupakan gabungan dari budaya politik partisipan, subjek dan paronkial.

 

khotbah bahasa jawa

Suasana Idul Adha

Wonten enjing ingkang kebak berkah lan rohmat meniko, kito kempal keranten badhe jumenengaken sholat Idul Adha. Nembe mawon kito ruku; lan sujud minongko wujud raos taat kito dateng Alloh SWT. Kito agungaken asma Alloh, kito kumandangaken takbir lan tahmid wonten ing musholla-musholla lan masjid-masjid. Takbir ingkang kito ucapaken boten namung obahe lambe tanpo arti, ananing minongko pengakuan ing dalem manah ingkang saget gumeteraken dateng manahipun tiyang ingkang sami iman dateng Alloh SWT. Alloh Moho Besar, Alloh Moho Agung, boten wonten ingkang patut dipun sembah sak lintunipun Alloh.

Pramilo lewat mimbar meniko kawulo ngajak dateng diri kulo pribadi lan ugi dumateng hadirin sedoyo; monggo kito taat dateng ngarso dalem Alloh ingkang Moho Agung, kito bucal tebih-tebih raos gumedhe lan sombong ingkang saget nebihaken kito saking rohmatipun Alloh SWT.

Nopo mawon jabatan kito, menawi dipun bandingaken kaliyan Alloh SWT kito meniko alit tur sanget, senahoso kito meniko gagah prakoso, sak yektosipun kito meniko apes lan ringkih menawi dipun bandingaken kalian Alloh Kang moho kuat. Menawi kito meniko tiyang ingkang berkuasa, gadah jabatan inggil, gadah pengaruh ageng, ananging menawi dipun bandingaken dateng Alloh Ingkang Moho Kuwahos kito meniko boten saget menopo-nopo.

Hadirini jamaah ingkang dipun mulyaaken Allah
Idul Adha ingkang rayaaken saben tanggal sedoso Dzul Hijjah meniko ugi dipun kenal kanti sebutan Hari Raya Haji, sebab kaum muslimin ingkang nindaaken ibadah haji nembe nglampahi rukun haji iangkang utami, inggih menko wukuf wonteng Arofah. Sedoyo jamaah haji ngagem pakaian ihrom ingkang sarwo pethak lan boten jahitan, ingkang disebat pakaian ihrom. Meniko nglambangaken bilih kaum muslimin meniko sami akidahipun lan anggadhahi derajat ingkang sami, boten saget dibentenaken, sedoyo ngrumahosi sami derajatipun, sami-sami ngeparek dateng Alloh ingkang moho kuaos, kanthi sareng-sareng mahos talbiyah.

Kejawi dipun wastani riyadin haji ugi disebat ”idul qurban” riyadin kurban. Keranten Idul adha meniko setungaling riyadin ingkang kangge mangertosi artos berkurban. Arti kurban inggih meniko kito paring peparingan minongko raos remen dan tresno dateng tiyang sanes sesami tiyang muslim, senahoso kito piyambak kedah sengsoro. Tiyang sanes wau saget putranipun piyambak, tiyang sepahipun, keluarginipun lan sedoyo tiyang Islam sebangsa setanah air. Wonten malih pengorbanan ingkang dipun tujuaken dateng agami ingkang ateges kagem Allah SWT, lan menikolah pengorbanan ingkang inggil derajatipun. Kados ingkang sampun dipun tuladhaaken dening Kanjeng Nabi Ibrahim as.

Hadirin kaum muslimin muslimat ingkang dipun mulyaaken Allah SWT

Enjing meniko sedoyo umat Islam sak ngalam donya sami ngagungaken asmanipun Allah, sedoyo sami ngetingalaken kebahagiaanipun, jaler, estri, sepuh enem sedoyo medal saking dalemipun saperlu badhe jumenengaken sholat Idul Adha, utawi Idul Qurban. Kawontenan meniko ngemutaken dateng kito sedoyo, bilih kito supados nulodho perjuanganipun Kanjeng Nabi Ibrahim alaihis salam ingkang sampun dipun serat wonten Al-Qur’an.

Sejarah Rasul ingkang jejuluk kekasih Allah (Kholilulloh) meniko diserat ndamel tinta emas wonten buku-buku sejarah. Sikap tabah lan teguhipun ing dalem nglampahi perintah Allah, andadosaken Nabi Ibrohim dados panutan umat sepanjang zaman.

Dawuhipun Alloh wonten Al-Qur’an :

”Sak temene wis ono suri tauladan kang apik kanggo sliramu ing dalem pribadine Ibrohim lan wong-wong kang bareng-bareng melu Ibrohim (Q.S. Al-Mumtahanah: 04)

Wonten ini ayat lintu ugi dipun sebataken bilih Nabi Ibrohim meniko dados sebutan apik utowo dados kembang lambe nganti akhir zaman.

”Ingsun abadiaken kanggene Ibrohim (sebutan kang apik) ing kalangane wong-wong kang keri” (Q.S. Ash-Shoffat: 108)
Ing dalem kalih ayat meniko, cetho sanget bilih sak yektosipun Gusti Alloh sanget mulyaaken dateng Nabi Ibrohim, sahinggo Nabi Ibrohim lah ingkang dipun juluki bapake poro Nabi, ugi bapakipun ummatipun kanjeng Nabi Muhammad SAW.

Wonten nopo kok Gusti Alloh ngantos semanten agenge anggenipun mulyaaken kanjeng Nabi Ibrohim ? Nopo keranten bondo?, keturunan ? kekuatan? Utawi keperkasaan ?. Boten niku. Nabi Ibrohim dipun kenang ngantos akhir zaman keranten keteguhanipun nggondheli amanah Alloh lan keikhlasanipun ngorbanaken sedoyo nopo kemawon demi Alloh SWT.

Hadirin Rohimakululloh
Ing dalem sejarahipun, Kanjeng Nabi Ibrohim alaihis salam meniko piyantun ingkang sukses ing dalem nglampahi titahipun dados menungso. Sukses dakwahipun senahoso kawontenanipun nembe susah, sukses anjagi amanah naliko sampun badhe ngrahosaken hasilipun dakwah.

Nabi Ibrohim naliko dakwah manggihi rintangan lan cobaan ingkang amrat. Panjenenganipun ngadepi mengsah ingkat kiat, inggih meniko penguwaos ingkang dholim. Panjenenganipun kedah nglampahi hukuman ingkang boten enteng lan boten mungkin saget slamet menawi boten pikantuk izinipun Allah SWT.
Setia anjagi garwanipun ingkang nembe ngandut putranipun. Ngrencangi garwanipun ngantos dumugi daerah ingkang tebih sanget. Sedoyo meniko keranten naderek dhawuhipun gusti Alloh SWT, senahoso mekaten panjenenganipun Nabi Ibrahim taksih tetep dakwah ngajak ummat manusngso supados tetep wonten margi ingkang leres inkang dipun ridloni Alloh SWT.

Hadiri Rahimakumulloh..
Cobaan kados mekaten meniko dereng sepinten ageng menggahipun kanjeng Nabi Ibrohim. Sebab cobaan ingkang langkung amrat inggih meniko naliko nglampahi perintahipun Alloh kedah ngorbanaken putranipun ingkang paling dipun sayangi, inggih meniko Ismail. Ismail kedah dipun dadosaken korban kagem Alloh kanthi dipun sembelih. Kerelaan lan keikhlasan Nabi Ibrohim mbelih putranipun menikolah ingkang terus kito peringati ngantos sak mangke ing dalem wulan Idul Adha.

Hadirin, jamaah ingkang dipun rahmati Alloh….
Wonten ing zaman sak meniko, pengorbanan Nabi Ibrohom kasebat kedah tetep kito apresiasi aken, kito wujudaken, sahe ing dalem bentuk ubudiyah mahdoh kanthi nglampahi ibadah haji kagem ingkang sampun mampu, lan nyembelih hewan kurban kagem tiyang ingkang kagungan kecukupan bondo kagem kurban. Kejawi meniko kito ugi tetep kedah terus menerus menginterprestasikan kisah keteguhan, ketaatan lan ketabahan Nabi Ibrohim kasebat wonten pagesangan kito.

Ketabahan Nabi Ibrohim ngorbanaken putranipun saget kito wujudaken wonten kerelaan kito ambagi kasenengan kalian tetanggi, lingkungan lan sederek-sederek umat Islam lintunipun. Kados sederek kito ingkang nembe nglampahi ibadah haji ugi sami ngelaksanaaken nyembelih hewan kurban.

Kanthi keterangan meniko sampun cetho bilih sayari’atipun Alloh ingkan sampun kalampahaken awit zaman Nabi Ibrohim meniko anggadhahi manfaat ingkang kathah sanget kagem umat Islam. Manfaat segi ekonomi, sosial utawi kebudayaan. Tiyang Islang ingkang nglampahi ibadah haji wonten Makkah campur bawur kalian umat Islam sak dunyo malah campur kalian umat non muslim.

Kagem kito ingkang dereng dipun panggil Alloh nindakaken ibadah haji wonten tanah suci Makkah wonten tahun meniko, ugi gadhah tugas ndugeaken pesan pasedherekan lan persatuan, yakni kanthi mbagi kasenengan lan kebahagiaan dateng tiang-tiang ingkang kawontenanipun taksih gesang kanthi sarwo kekirangan, yakni kanthi mbagi dagingv kurban.Gusti Alloh ngendikan wonten ing Al-Qur’an :

yang artinya : (untuk teks al-Qur’annya tolong dibuka sendiri dari Al-Qur’an)

Daging-daging unta dan darahnya itu sekali-kali tidak dapat mencapai (keridhaan) Allah, tetapi ketakwaan dari kamulah yang dapat mencapainya. Demikianlah Allah Telah menundukkannya untuk kamu supaya kamu mengagungkan Allah terhadap hidayah-Nya kepada kamu. dan berilah kabar gembira kepada orang-orang yang berbuat baik. (Q.S. Al-Hajj : 37)

Pesen ingkang saget kito pahami saking ayat meniko inggih meniko, kito supados langkung aktif lan giat ugi tanggung jawab ndadosaken lingkungan kito dados lingkungan ingkang ngremenaken, lingkungan ketingal pasedherekanipun sarto gesang kanthi kasih sayang dateng sesami.

Kecintaan lan ketaatan meniko kalih perkawis ingkang boten saget dipun pisah. Imam Al-baidlowi ngendiko : “Cinta, inggih meniko kepinginan nglampahi taat”. Lajeng Syekh Az-Zujaj ugi ngendiko : Cinto manungso dateng Alloh lan rosulipun inggih meniko manut lan nderek dateng perintah-perintahipun Allah lan ridlo dateng sedoyo perintahipun Alloh lan ajaran ingkang dipun asto rosululloh.

Artosipun, kecintaan lan ketaatan dateng Alloh boten mungkin dipun wujudaken tanpo pengorbanan. Dados boten wonten cinta tanpo ketaatan, lan boten wonten taat tanpo pengorbanan.
Menikolah pesan agung ingkang saget kito pendhet saking kisah perintah nyembelih Islamil putranipun Ibrohim alaihis salam.

Pramilo, menawi kito ngakeni cinta Allah lan rosulipun serto nderek ajaran-ajaran Islam, temtu kito boten badhe nyia-nyiaaken kesempatan ing wulan Idul Adha meniko namun kangge seneng-seneng piyambakan. Sebab Alloh merintahaken dateng kito andum karunia lan kesyukuran wonten dinten riyadin meniko, kados ingkang sampun dipun contoaken deneng poro Nabi lan poro ulama.

Mugi-mugi wonten ing dinten riyadin ingkang agung meniko kito saget sareng-sareng menikmati karunia Alloh kanthi suka cita lan raos kasih sayang minongko wujud syukur kito dateng Alloh. Ugi poro tetanggi saget nderek ngraosaken kebahagiaan kito wonten margi ingkang dipun ridloni deneng Alloh SWT.

Mugi-mugi Alloh paring pangapunten dateng sedoyo dosa lan kesalahan kito ugi maringi sedoyo kasih sayangipun dateng kito sedoyo, sahinggo sedoyo hajat kito dipun cekapi deneng Alloh, supados kito saget ngabdi lan ngibadah dateng Alloh kanthi langkung sampurno. Amin allohumma amin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poro hadirin sidang jamaah jumat ingkang dimulyaaken Alloh SWT. Wonten ing wekdal meniko monggo kito ngatah-ngatahaken muji syukur dateng Alloh, inggih puniko pengerane sedoyo alam, pengeran kang paring welas asih, lan  ugi pengeran kang nguasani dino piwalesan. Mboten wonten maleh pengeran kang haq disembah kejobo Alloh lan mung dumateng Alloh lah kito nyuwun pitulungan. Monggo kito nyuwun dumateng Alloh supados diparingi pituduh marang dalan ingkang lurus, inggih puniko dalane tiyang-tiyang ingkang diparingi nikmat kaleh Alloh, sanes dalane tiyang-tiyang ingkang sesat lan dibendu kaleh Alloh SWT, naudzubillah mindzalik.

Poro hadirin ingkang dimulyaaken Alloh, perlu kito sumerepi bilih menopo setiap khutbah jm’at puniko poro khotib mesti wasiat supados ningkataken taqwa dumateng kito sedoyo, ittaqulloha haqqo tuqotih walaatamuutunna illa waantum muslimun ingkang artosipun: taqwao siro kabeh marang Alloh kanti saktemen-temene taqwa, lan ojo mati siro kabeh kejobo mati wonten keadaan Islam.

Sangking wasiat meniko saget kito pendet kaleh kata kunci, pertama nopo ingkang dipun arani takwo, lan engkang nomer kaleh, nopo ingkang dipun arani Islam.

Pertama, taqwo, secara umum taqwo iggih meniko wedi marang Alloh, maksudepun wedi marang ancamane Alloh. Keranten sifat wedi meniko tiyang kolowau selalu berusaha nglampahi sedoyo perkawis ingkang diwajibaken Alloh lan berusaha ngedohi sedoyo laranganepun Alloh SWT.

Gusti Alloh sampun dawuh wonten surat Al-Baqoroh ayat tigo, alladziina yukminuuna bilghoibi wayuqiimuunassholata wamimma rozaqnaahum yunfiquun.

 Ingkang  artosepun, kang aran taqwo inggih punikoTiyang-tiyang ingkang iman marang kang ghoib (tegesepun iman dumateng Alloh, Malaikat, dino Akhir, lan qhodlo’qodar), tiyang ingkang ndiriaken sholat, lan nafkahaken sebagian rizki kang sampon diparingi Alloh dumateng kito, tegesepun aweh shodaqoh.

Walladziinayukminuna bimaaunzila ilaika wamaa unzilaminqoblika wabil Aakhirotihum yuuqinuun. Lan ugi tiyang-tiyang ingkang iman marang kitap Alquran ingkang sampun diturunaken dumateng kito lan iman dumateng kitap-kitap sederengepun Alquran. Lan ugi tiyang-tiyang ingkang yaqin wontene kehidupan akhirot. Menikolah ingkang dipun arani kaleh ittaqulloha haqqo tuqotih (sejatine taqwo).

Poro hadirin ingkang dimulyaaken Alloh.ingkang Kaping kaleh, Islam. Kata Islam dipendet saking bahasa Arab salima ingkang artose slamet, sentosa, lan damai. Selajengepun berubah dados kata aslamaingkang arotose berserah diri, tunduk lan patuh. Mongko sebab meniko tiyang ingkang berserah diri, taat lan patuh dumateng Alloh dipun wastani kalihan tiyang muslim. Saking pengertian menikolah kata Islam parek kaleh kata agama ingkang gadahi arti keyakinan, addiinu allughotil yaqiin (agami secara lughot inggih puniko keyakinan. Dadosipun agomo puniko mung kangge tiyang-tiyang ingkang yaqin mawon, tegesepun tiyang ingkang iman. Lah tanda-tandanepun tiyang ingkang iman utawi yaqin inggeh meniko dzikrun katsiir, piambake katah ilinge dumateng Alloh. Semakin katah anggenipun eleng dumateng Alloh mongko semakin tinggi kualitas iman tiyang kolowau. Keranten sifat selalu eleng dumateng Alloh menikolah piambake selalu berusaha semaksimal mungkin anggenipun nglampahi sedoyo perintahepun Alloh lan ngedohi sedoyo laranganepun.

Saking wasiat walaatamuutunnaillaa waantun muslimuun menikolah kito sedoyo dipun wanti-wanti, di eman kaleh Alloh supados mboten mati wonten ingdalem keadaan mboten Islam. Tegese mboten iman dumateng Alloh lan mboten ngelampahi sedoyo ingkang sampun disyariataken dining Alloh. Sehinggo tiyang meniko mati wonten keadaan kafir lan wonten akhirat mboten angsal pitulungane Alloh SWT, Naudzu billah min dzaliki.

Poro hadirin ingkang dimulyaaken Alloh. Saking menikolah kito diwajibaken Alloh nyuprih ilmu saking bayi dumugi liang lahat, tegese sampek sedo. Terlebih diwajibaken nyuprih ilmu agama, keranten kito gesang niki minongko tiyang ingkang wuto kang perlu teken supados mboten kesasar lan butuh bimbingan saking tiyang ingkang saget dipercoyo supados mboten disasaraken anggenipun mlampah. Ten mriki ilmu agami minongko teken, lan tiyang ingkang saget dipercados omongane inggeh puniko dawuhe poro Ulama’. Keranten al ulamaa’u warosatul ambiyaa’i (ulama’ meniko pewaris poro nabi). Dados ilmu puniko mboten ten sekolah-sekolahan mawon, nanging ten pundi-pundi panggenan. Sopo wonge ingkang demen kaleh Ulama’ berarti tiyang kolowau demen kaleh Nabi, lan sinten tiyang ingkang demen kaleh nabi, berarti demen kaleh Alloh. Mongko Alloh bakal paring pitulungan dateng tiyang kolowau supados slamet dunyo lan akhirot. Lan semunu ugo sewalike, sinten tiyang ingkang geting marang Ulama’ berarti tiyang kolowau geting kaleh Nabi, lan sinten tiyang ingkang geting kaleh Nabi berarti tiyang kolowau geting kaleh Alloh. Mongko tiyang meniko di jaraken Alloh wonten kesesatan, lan ten akhirat tiyang meniko mboten angsal syafa’atepun kanjeng nabi, tegese mboten angsal pitulungane Alloh SWT. Naudzubillahimindzalik..

Poro hadirin ingkang dimulyaaken Alloh, saking meniko kito sampun mngertosi dununge taqwo, iman lan Islam. Bilih agomo puniko kangge tiyang ingkang percoyo mawon, tegesepun iman dumateng Alloh. Lah pengamalan saking iman punikolah ingkang disebut kalian taqwa, yakni beruaha semaksimal mungkin nglampai sedoyo perkawis ingkang diwajibaken Alloh lan berusaha ngedohi sedoyo perkawis ingkang dipun larang kaleh Alloh. Supados kito tergolong tiyang ingkang muslim Sejati, tiyang ingkang slamet kerono angsal pitulungane Alloh ndunyo lan akhirat. Amin amin yaarobbal aalamiin..

Ja’alallohu waiiyakum minal faaiziin..

 

lutung kasarung

“Lutung Kasarung”

PRABU Tapa Agung was an old king. He had two daughters, Purbararang and Purbasari. Prabu Tapa Agung planned to retire as a king. He wanted Purbasari to replace him as the leader of the kingdom.

Hearing this, Purbararang was angry. “You cannot ask her to be the queen, Father. I’m older than she is. It’s supposed to be me, not her!” said Purbararang. But the king still chose Purbasari to be the next queen. Purbararang then set a bad plan with her fiance, Indrajaya. Together they went to a witch and asked her to put a spell on Purbasari. Later, Purbasari had bad skin. There were black dots all over her body. “You are not as beautiful as I am. You cannot be the queen. Instead, you have to leave this palace and stay in a jungle,” said Purbararang. Purbasari was very sad. Now she had to stay in the jungle. Everyday she spent her time playing with some animals there.

There was one monkey that always tried to cheer her up. It was not just an ordinary monkey, he had magical power. And he also could talk with humans. The monkey’s name was Lutung Kasarung. He was actually a god. His name was Sanghyang Gurumina.

Lutung Kasarung planned to help Purbasari. He made a small lake and asked her to take a bath there. Amazingly, her bad skin was cured. Now she got her beautiful skin back. After that, she asked Lutung Kasarung to accompany her to go back to the palace.

Purbararang was very shocked. She knew she had to come up with another bad idea. She then said, “Those who have longer hair will be the queen.” The king then measured his daughters’ hair. Purbasari had longer hair. But Purbararang did not give up. “A queen must have a handsome husband. If my fiance is more handsome than yours, then I will be the queen,” said Purbararang.

Purbasari was sad. She knew Purbararang’s fiance, Indrajaya, was handsome. And she did not have a fiance yet. “Here is my fiancé, Indrajaya. Where is yours?” asked Purbararang. Lutung Kasarung came forward. Purbararang was laughing very hard. “Your fiance is a monkey, ha ha ha.” Suddenly, Lutung Kasarung changed into a very a handsome man. He was even more handsome than Indrajaya.

Purbasari then became the queen. She forgave Purbararang and her fiance and let them stay in the palace.

  1. Who is  Prabu Tapa?
  2. How many him has daughters?
  3. Why Purbalarang was angry?
  4. What is name the monkey??
  5. Are monkey’s had magic or  trick?
  6. Does he makes small lake?
  7. Who is small lake him make?
  8. Where does the monkey live?
  9. Was Purbasari as a queen?
  10. Does she queen or king?
  11. Can the monkeys magic?
  12. Is a Purba sari a princess?
  13. Where  are Purbasari live?
  14. What is the relationship between purbasary and lutung kasarung?
  15. Does the monkey very handsome?
  16. Why purbararang very shocked?
  17. Are the monkey female or male?
  18. Are purbasari male or female?
  19. When the monkeys  changed into handsome?
  20. Does lutung kasarung love with purbasari?

 

 

Timun Emas

One night, while they were praying, Buto Ijo a giant with supranatural powers passed their house. He heard they pray. “Don’t worry farmers. I can give you a child. But you have to give me that child when she is 17 years old,” said Buto Ijo. The farmers were so happy. They did not think about the risk of losing their child letter and agree to take the offer. Later, Buto Ijo gave them a bunch of cucumber seeds. The farmers planted them carefully. Then the seeds changed into plants. No longer after that, a big golden cucumber grew from plants. After it had ripe, the farmers picked and cut it. They were very surprised to see beautiful girl inside the cucumber. They named her Timun Mas or Golden Cucumber. Years passed by and Timun Mas has changed into a beautiful girl. On her 17th birthday, Timun Mas was very happy.

However, the parents were very sad. They knew they had to keep their promise to Buto Ijo the giant but they also did not want to lose their beloved daughter. “My daughter, take this bag. It can save you from the giant,” said father. “What do you mean, Father? I don’t understand,” said Timun Mas.

Right after that, Buto Ijo came into their house. “Run Timun Mas. Save your life!” said the mother. Buto ijo was angry. He knew the farmers wanted to break their promise. He chased Timun Mas away. Buto Ijo was getting closer and closer. Timun Mas then opened the bag and threw a handful of salt. It became sea. Buto Ijo had to swim to cross the sea. Later, Timun Mas threw some chilly. It became a jungle with trees. The trees had sharp thorns so they hurt Buto Ijo. However, he was still able to chase Timun Mas. Timun Mas took her third magic stuff. It was cucumber seeds. She threw them and became cucumber field. But Buto Ijo still could escape from the field. Then it was the last magic stuff she had in the bag. It was a shrimp paste or terasi. She threw it and became a big swamp. Buto Ijo was still trying to swim the swamp but he was very tired. Then he was drowning and died.

Timun Mas then immediately went home. The farmers were so happy that they finally together again.

  1. When buto ijo passed their house?
  2. What said buto ijo to farmer?
  3. Who is buto ijo?
  4. Where are buto ijo live?
  5. Are buto ijo male or female?
  6. Does a buto ijo have body big?
  7. What is name the baby?
  8. What is the color the big cucumber?
  9. Were the farmer was happies?
  10. Does  a timun mas beautiful?
  11. Why the farmer very sad?
  12. Why timun mas very happies?
  13. How old timun mas?
  14. Does a buto ijo happy or angry?
  15. Why buto ijo was very angry?
  16. Was still trying to swim?
  17. What is terasi?
  18.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Let’ Me Love You

Once upon a time, there was once a guy who was very much in love with this girl. This romantic guy folded 1,000 pieces of papercranes as a gift to his girl. Although, at that time he was just a small executive in his company, his future doesn’t seem too bright, they were very happy together. Until one day, his girl told him she was going to Paris and will never come back.She also told him that she cannot visualize any future for the both of them, so let’s go their own ways there and then… heartbroken, the guy agreed.

When he regained his confidence, he worked hard day and night, just to make something out of himself. Finally with all these hard work and with the help of friends, this guy had set up his own company…

“You never fail until you stop trying.” he always told himself. “I must make it in life!” One rainy day, while this guy was driving, he saw an elderly couple sharing an umbrella in the rain walking to some destination. Even with the umbrella, they were still drenched. It didn’t take him long to realize those were his ex-girlfriend’s parents. With a heart in getting back at them, he drove slowly beside the couple, wanting them to spot him in his luxury saloon. He wanted them to know that he wasn’t the same anymore, he had his own company, car, condo, etc. He had made it in life!

Before the guy can realize, the couple was walking towards a cemetery, and he got out of his car and followed them…and he saw his exgirlfriend, a photograph of her smiling sweetly as ever at him from her tombstone… and he saw his precious papercranes in a bottle placed beside her tomb. Her parents saw him.He walked over and asked them why this had happened. They explained that she did not leave for France at all. She was stricken ill with cancer. In her heart, she had believed that he will make it someday, but she did not want her illness to be his obstacle … therefore she had chosen to leave him.

She had wanted her parents to put his papercranes beside her, because, if the day comes when fate brings him to her again he can take some of those back with him. The guy
just wept

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BEAR AND RABBIT
Once upon a time, there lived a bear and a rabbit. The rabbit is a good shot. In contrary, the bear is always clumsy and could not use the arrow.
One day, the bear called over the rabbit and asked the rabbit to take his bow and arrows.
The rabbit was fearing to arouse the bear’s anger so he could not refuse it. He went with the bear and shot enough buffalo to satisfy the hungry family. Indeed he shot and killed so many that there were lots of meats left after.
However the bear did not want the rabbit to get any of the meat. The rabbit could not even taste the meat. The poor rabbit would have to go home hungry after his hard day’s work.
The bear was the father of five children. Fortunately, the youngest child was very kind to the rabbit. He was very hearty eater. The mother bear always gave him an extra large piece of meat but the youngest child did not eat it. He would take it outside with him and pretended to play ball with the meat. He kicked toward the rabbit’s house.When he got close to the door he would give the meat with such a great kick. The meat would fly into the rabbit’s house. In this way, the poor rabbit would get his meal.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Smartest Parrot

Once upon time, a man had a wonderful parrot. There was no other parrot like it. The parrot could say every word, except one word. The parrot would not say the name of the place where it was born. The name of the place was Catano.

The man felt excited having the smartest parrot but he could not understand why the parrot would not say Catano. The man tried to teach the bird to say Catano however the bird kept not saying the word.

At the first, the man was very nice to the bird but then he got very angry. “You stupid bird!” pointed the man to the parrot. “Why can’t you say the word? Say Catano! Or I will kill you” the man said angrily. Although he tried hard to teach, the parrot would not say it. Then the man got so angry and shouted to the bird over and over; “Say Catano or I’ll kill you”. The bird kept not to say the word of Catano.

One day, after he had been trying so many times to make the bird say Catano, the man really got very angry. He could not bear it. He picked the parrot and threw it into the chicken house. There were four old chickens for next dinner “You are as stupid as the chickens. Just stay with them” Said the man angrily. Then he continued to humble; “You know, I will cut the chicken for my meal. Next it will be your turn, I will eat you too, stupid parrot”. After that he left the chicken house.

The next day, the man came back to the chicken house. He opened the door and was very surprised. He could not believe what he saw at the chicken house. There were three death chickens on the floor. At the moment, the parrot was standing proudly and screaming at the last old chicken; “Say Catano or I’ll kill you”.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bawang Merah and Bawang Putih

BAWANG Putih lived with her step mother and her step sister, Bawang Merah. Bawang Putih’s mother died when she was a baby. Her father remarried another woman and later her step sister was born. Unfortunately, not long after that her father died. Since then, Bawang Putih’s life was sad. Her step mother and her step sister treated Bawang Putih badly and always asked her to do all the household chores.

One morning, Bawang Putih was washing some clothes in a river. Accidentally, her mother’s clothes were washed away by the river. She was really worried so she walked along the river side to find the clothes. Finally she met an old woman. She said that she kept the clothes and would give them back to Bawang Putih if she helped the old woman do the household chores. Bawang Putih helped her happily. After everything was finished, the old woman returned the clothes. She also gave Bawang Putih a gift. The old woman had two pumpkins, one pumpkin was small and the other one was big. Bawang Putih had to choose one.

Bawang Putih was not a greedy girl. So she took the small one. After thanking the old woman, Bawang Putih then went home. When she arrived home, her step mother and Bawang Merah were angry. They had been waiting for her all day long. Bawang Putih then told about the clothes, the old woman, and the pumpkin. Her mother was really angry so she grabbed the pumpkin and smashed it to the floor. Suddenly they all were surprised. Inside the pumpkin they found jewelries. “Bawang Merah, hurry up. Go to the river and throw my clothes into the water. After that, find the old woman. Remember, you have to take the big pumpkin,” the step mother asked Bawang Merah to do exactly the same as Bawang Putih’s experience. Bawang Merah immediately went to the river. She threw the clothes and pretended to search them. Not long after that, she met the old woman. Again she asked Bawang Merah to do household chores. She refused and asked the old woman to give her a big pumpkin. The old woman then gave her the big one. Bawang Merah was so happy. She ran very fast. When she arrived home, her mother was impatient. She directly smashed the pumpkin to the floor. They were screaming. There were a lot of snakes inside the pumpkin! They were really scared. They were afraid the snakes would bite them. “Mom, I think God just punished us. We had done bad things to Bawang Putih. And God didn’t like that. We have to apologize to Bawang Putih,” said Bawang Merah.

Finally both of them realized their mistakes. They apologized and Bawang Putih forgave them. Now the family is not poor anymore. Bawang Putih decided to sell all the jewelries and used the money for their daily lives.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CINDERELLA
Once upon a time, there was a young girl named Cinderella. She lived with her step mother and two step sisters.
The step mother and sisters were conceited and bad tempered. They treated Cinderella very badly. Her step mother made Cinderella do the hardest works in the house; such as scrubbing the floor, cleaning the pot and pan and preparing the food for the family. The two step sisters, on the other hand, did not work about the house. Their mother gave them many handsome dresses to wear.
One day, the two step sister received an invitation to the ball that the king’s son was going to give at the palace. They were excited about this and spent so much time choosing the dresses they would wear. At last, the day of the ball came, and away went the sisters to it. Cinderella could not help crying after they had left.
“Why are crying, Cinderella?” a voice asked. She looked up and saw her fairy godmother standing beside her, “because I want so much to go to the ball” said Cinderella. “Well” said the godmother,”you’ve been such a cheerful, hardworking, uncomplaining girl that I am going to see that you do go to the ball”.
Magically, the fairy godmother changed a pumpkin into a fine coach and mice into a coachman and two footmen. Her godmother tapped Cinderella’s raged dress with her wand, and it became a beautiful ball gown. Then she gave her a pair of pretty glass slippers. “Now, Cinderella”, she said; “You must leave before midnight”. Then away she drove in her beautiful coach.
Cinderella was having a wonderfully good time. She danced again and again with the king’s son. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve, she ran toward the door as quickly as she could. In her hurry, one of her glass slipper was left behind.
A few days later, the king’ son proclaimed that he would marry the girl whose feet fitted the glass slipper. Her step sisters tried on the slipper but it was too small for them, no matter how hard they squeezed their toes into it. In the end, the king’s page let Cinderella try on the slipper. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted perfectly.
Finally, she was driven to the palace. The king’s son was overjoyed to see her again. They were married and live happily ever after.

pengertian enzim katalase

Pengertian Enzim Katalase

Enzim adalah senyawa yang dibentuk oleh sel tubuh organisme. dalam sel enzim ini diproduksi oleh organel badam mikro peroksisok. Kegunaan enzim katalase adalah menguraikan Hidogen Peroksida (H2O2), merupakan senyawa racun dalam tubuh yang terbentuk pada proses pencernaan makanan.
Hidrogen peroksida dengan rumus kimia bila H2O2 ditemukan oleh Louis Jacquea Thenard pada tahuna 1818. Senyawa ini merupakan bahan kimia organik yang memiliki sifat oksidator kuat dan bersifat racun dalam tubuh.
Senyawa peroksida harus segera di uraikan menjadi air (H2O) dan oksigen (O2) yang tidak berbahaya. Enzim katalase mempercepat reaksi penguraian peroksida (H2O2) menjadi air (H2O) dan oksigen (O2). Penguraian peroksida (H2O) ditandai dengan timbulnya gelembung
Bentuk reaksi kimianya adalah:

2H2O2 –> 2H2O + O2

Senyawa H2O2 yang ada dalam tubuh sangat berbahaya. Maka enzim katalase menguraikan H2O2 menjadi H2O dan gas O2 yang tidak berbahaya bagi tubuh.
Ada tidaknya gelembung merupakan indikator adanya air dalam wujud uap. Sedangkan menyala atau tidaknya bara merupakan indikator adanya gas oksigen dalam tabung tersebut. Enzim katalase yang dihasilkan peroksisom pada hati akan mengalami denaturasi (kerusakan) pada suhu yang tinggi ataupun pada suasana asam dan basa. Enzim katalase bekerja secara optimal pada suhu kamar (±30 0C) dan suasana netral.
Hal ini dapat dilihat pada suasana asam, basa, dan suhu tinggi, laju reaksi menjadi sangat lambat. Bahkan terhenti sama sekali. Indikasinya adalah sedikitnya gelembung yang dihasilkan dan bara api tidak menyala. Sedangkan pada suhu normal dan pH netral, reaksi berjalan dengan lancar.